Collets, Spindle Adapters and Quick Change Tooling
Figure 4-15. Solid and spring collets
A collet is a form of a sleeve bushing for reducing the size of the hole in the milling machine spindle so that small shank tools can be fitted into large spindle recesses (Figure 4-15). They are made in several forms, similar to drilling machine sockets and sleeves, except that their tapers are not alike.
A spindle adapter is a form of a collet having a standardized spindle end. They are available in a wide variety of sizes to accept cutters that cannot be mounted on arbors. They are made with either the Morse taper shank or the Brown and Sharpe taper with tang having a standard spindle end (Figure 4-16).
Figure 4-16. Milling machine adaptors.
A chuck adapter (Figure 4-17) is used to attach chucks to milling machines having a standard spindle end. The collet holder is sometimes referred to as a collet chuck. Various forms of chucks can be fitted to milling machines spindles for holding drills, reamers, and small cutters for special operations.
Figure 4-17. Chuck adaptor.
The quick-change adapter mounted on the spindle nose is used to speed up tool changing. Tool changing with this system allows you to set up a number of milling operations such as drilling, end milling, and boring without changing the setup of the part being machined. The tool holders are mounted and removed from a master holder mounted to the machine spindle by means of a clamping ring (Figure 4-18).
Figure 4-18. Quick-change adaptor and tool holder
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- Machining Handbook - adapted from the US Army's Handbook "Fundamentals of Machine Tools"
- Chapter 1. Introduction to the Machine Shop
- Chapter 2. Properties, Identification and Heat Treatment of Metals
- Chapter 3. Lathes
- Chapter 4. Milling Operations
- Milling and Milling Operations
- Types of Milling Machines
- Safety on Milling Machines
- Milling Tools and Equipment
- Mounting and Indexing Work
- General Milling Operations
- Chapter 5. Milling, Grinding, Drilling And Slotting Attachments
- Chapter 6. Drilling Machines
- Chapter 7. Sawing Machines
- Chapter 8. Grinding Machines
- Chapter 9. Portable Machine Tools